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Orchids

ORCHID HEADER

Disa forficaria, not seen for 50 years, and rediscovered in Fernkloof Nature Reserve in 2016.

Orchidaceae
Orchids, numbering about 26 000 species, comprise the largest family of flowering plants worldwide. South Africa has close to 500 species, about 90% of which are terrestrial (growing on the ground) others are epiphytic (growing on trees or shrubs). There are 241 species in the Cape Floral Region, an unusually high number for a temperate region. Fernkloof Nature Reserve has recorded 81 species.

Response to fire
Many terrestrial orchids in the fynbos biome have adapted to fire by flowering only in the first year after fire. By so doing these orchids gain the advantage of seeding into an environment that is relatively free from competition by other plants. A few species, such as Disa ferruginea and Disa graminifolia, are not fire dependent and will flower in mature fynbos vegetation.  MORE…

Pterygodium bicolorum

Pterygodium bicolorum

Orchidaceae
Pterygodium caffrum

Pterygodium caffrum

Orchidaceae
Pterygodium catholicum

Pterygodium catholicum

Oumakappie - Cowled Friar
Orchidaceae
Pterygodium excisum

Pterygodium excisum

Orchidaceae
Pterygodium orobanchoides

Pterygodium orobanchoides

Baster-trewwa
Orchidaceae
Pterygodium volucris

Pterygodium volucris

Groengoggas
Orchidaceae
Satyrium bicallosum

Satyrium bicallosum

Orchidaceae
Satyrium bicorne

Satyrium bicorne

Ewwa-trewwa - Goue-trewwa - Ouma-trewwa
Orchidaceae
Satyrium bracteatum

Satyrium bracteatum

Orchidaceae
Satyrium candidum

Satyrium candidum

Ruik-trewwa - Wit-trewwa
Orchidaceae
Satyrium carneum

Satyrium carneum

Rooikappie - Rooitrewwa
Orchidaceae

Near Threatened

Satyrium coriifolium

Satyrium coriifolium

Ewwa-trewwa
Orchidaceae
Satyrium foliosum

Satyrium foliosum

Orchidaceae

Vulnerable

Satyrium humile

Satyrium humile

Orchidaceae
Satyrium lupulinum

Satyrium lupulinum

Orchidaceae
Satyrium odorum

Satyrium odorum

Ruiktrewwa
Orchidaceae
Satyrium retusum

Satyrium retusum

Orchidaceae
Satyrium rhynchanthum

Satyrium rhynchanthum

Orchidaceae
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